Antibiotics and medications against gastroesophageal reflux may cause allergies and asthma in babies because they disrupt the good bacteria in the guts, according to a new study conducted in the US.
A study was conducted on approximately 800, 000 babies
If administered before the age of 6 months, antibiotics and medications against gastroesophageal reflux may lead to asthma and allergies in infants. This is at least what an US-based study concluded. The results have been published in the JAMA Pediatrics journal.
Researchers followed nearly 800, 000 babies born between 2001 and 2013 who were treated with antibiotics or drugs against gastroesophageal reflux (antihistamines and proton pump inhibitors).
Scientists observed that, in four years, more than half of the children have developed food or medicines allergies , rashes, asthma, or allergic rhinitis.
Antibiotics and medications against gastroesophageal reflux cause a disruption in the gut microbiota
Infants who followed a treatment for gastroesophageal reflux were observed to have two times higher risks to develop a food allergy, more particularly, an allergy to cow’s milk.
Those who were given antibiotics were twice as likely to develop asthma but also presented an increased risk of food allergy by 14% and anaphylaxis by 51%. A phenomenon that researchers explain by a disruption of the gut microbiota caused by antibiotics and medication against gastroesophageal reflux.
The researchers recommend to not give these medications to take care of common problems in infants. It isn’t required to choose such remedies if a baby regurgitates. “ We should prevent overprescription of antibiotics for higher respiratory system infections and various other viral illnesses, ” concludes Dr . Cade Nylund, the lead writer of the scholarly study.
To conclude, the researchers remarked that the overuse of antibiotics isn’t only triggering some bacteria to be resistant to remedies but also antibiotics and medications against gastroesophageal reflux administered in babies as high as 6-month-old may cause improved risks of allergies and asthma in infants.