Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease image

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): Top 5 Causes You Must Know

Fatty liver disease is usually of two types; non-alcoholic fatty liver and alcoholic fatty liver. This article talks about the causes of the non-alcoholic fatty liver.

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease image
Fatty liver refers to a condition where excess fat builds up in your liver. When over 5-10% of the liver’s excess weight is fat, it means you are suffering from fatty liver. It slows down your body metabolism and prevents it from losing weight. Thankfully, this condition is reversible and only needs a few lifestyle modifications for the remedy. Fatty liver is usually of two types; the non-alcoholic fatty liver and alcoholic fatty liver. The former is caused due to reasons other than alcohol consumption and the latter is usually caused due to excessive alcohol intake. In this article, we shall discuss the causes of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

The causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease have not been explored properly yet. Experts say that it occurs mainly when the body produces too much fat and is incapable of processing it. Some studies suggest that underlying health conditions increase your risk of developing a non-alcoholic fatty liver.
Here, we shall discuss the top 5 causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Take a look.

Obesity

Obesity is one of the most crucial causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. 70% of the obese persons suffer from this condition due to obesity. The fatty liver disease is known to affect your body’s ability to process excess fat and lose excess weight. As a result, you continue to put on excess weight and develop the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. This usually happens with people who consume a high-excess fat diet and do not exercise.

Insulin resistance

There seems to be an important link between NAFD and insulin resistance. Insulin helps you muscles and tissues get glucose from the blood for energy. It also helps the liver store excess glucose. When a person suffers from insulin resistance, his/her body does not respond to insulin the way it should. As a result, excess fat gets stored in the liver leading to inflammation and scarring.

Metabolic syndrome

Having metabolic syndrome or any of its traits is also believed to be a cause of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. It refers to a group of conditions or traits associated with obesity. People suffering from this condition are likely to suffer from heart diseases and type-2 diabetes. Doctors say that a person suffering from the metabolic syndrome may have any three of the following:

  • Large waist size
  • High triglycerides levels in the blood
  • High blood glucose levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Low HDL cholesterol levels

Diabetes

Due to insulin resistance, the pancreas may start excreting more insulin to make up for the deficiency. But over time, it may start generating lesser amounts. As a result, excess sugar gets accumulated in the blood. This results in diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is believed to be one of the most important causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Excess fat in the blood

High levels of excess fat, triglycerides and bad cholesterol in the blood is also an essential cause of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. When the body becomes insulin resistant, the liver starts taking fatty acids from the blood which has them in abundance. As a result, this excess fat starts accumulating in the liver as storage fat. It also kills the ability of the liver to eliminate excess fat from the body. Later, this develops into the fatty liver disease.
Disclaimer: This content including guidance provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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